Government Rulings on Closed Captioning
FCC Regulations for IP Captioning
On January 13, 2012, the FCC released a Report and Order adopting rules for closed captioning of video programming delivered using Internet protocol (the “IP closed captioning rules”). These new closed captioning rules were published in the Federal Register on March 30, 2012, and will generally become effective 30 days later, on April 30, 2012.
The IP closed captioning rules apply to non-exempt full-length programming and will be implemented according to the following schedule:
- Pre-recorded programming that is not edited for Internet distribution must be captioned if it is shown on television with captions on or after September 30, 2012.
- Pre-recorded programming that is edited for Internet distribution must be captioned if it is shown on television with captions on or after September 30, 2013.
- Live and near-live programming must be captioned if it is shown on television with captions on or after March 30, 2013. Near-live programming is video programming that is performed and recorded less than 24 hours prior to the time it was first shown on television.
- Programming that is already in the video programming distributor's or provider's library before it is shown on television with captions must be captioned:
- Within 45 days after it is shown on television with captions on or after March 30, 2014 and before March 30, 2015
- Within 30 days after it is shown on television with captions on or after March 30, 2015 and before March 30, 2016
- Within 15 days after it is shown on television with captions on or after March 30, 2016
To see the actual FCC web captioning regulations, click below:
For more information about our software aimed at web closed captioning, see our WebPlus page.
The process to add closed captioning to web files is called e-captioning. Continue reading below to see how CPC's closed captioning software and closed captioning services can help you meet the new web closed captioning regulations.
Access to emerging Internet Protocol-based communication and video programming technologies
Track the Legislative Progress of H.R. 6320, the "Twenty-first Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2008"
H.R.6320 was introduced June 19, 2008 by Reps. Edward J. Markey (D-MA-7) and Heather Wilson (R-NM-1) to ensure that individuals with disabilities have access to emerging Internet Protocol-based communication and video programming technologies in the 21st Century.
fining stations over caption lapse
By Frank Ahrens
Washington Post Staff Writer
Friday, May 27, 2005; Page E02
For details click on FCC Fining Stations Over Caption Lapse.
Communications Commission has proposed fining three Washington area
television stations for failing to provide adequate closed-caption
information for hearing-impaired viewers during a tornado watch in May
NBC-owned WRC (Channel 4), ABC affiliate WJLA (Channel 7) and Fox-owned WTTG (Channel 5) face proposed fines totaling $40,000, the FCC said yesterday.
thunderstorms and tornado conditions bore down on Washington on May
25, 2004, local weather broadcasters told viewers in certain areas
they should take cover but failed to relay the same information in
closed captions, the FCC reported. Under federal law, broadcasters are
required to provide emergency information in both audio and visual
form, whether by closed captioning or a similar presentation.
One viewer wrote to the FCC: "[Fox] cut into the screen during 'American Idol' for news about the weather. From this visual (with no captions), it look[ed] like the bad weather might be in Maryland. I was totally confused."
The FCC investigation found that, at 9:02 p.m., WRC meteorologist Bob Ryan told viewers to move away from windows and toward a bathroom or basement if they sensed high winds but failed to provide the information in any visual form.
An $8,000 fine is proposed against WJLA, which failed to display closed-caption information during one storm report. The other stations each face $16,000 fines because they each failed to provide the closed captioning during two reports.
The stations can appeal the fines.
pieces of state and federal legislation form the guiding framework
for accessibility compliance in a distance education setting. This
body of law includes real-time and delayed captioning of courses
delivered live to students at a distance.
1973 Section 504 of
the Rehabilitation Act (Section 504) -
The section mandates
that the colleges must not discriminate in the recruitment,
admission, or treatment of any students with disabilities and
provide equal opportunity to participate in and benefit from any
services or programs that are offered. Providing aural information
through real-time or live, captioning of distance education meets
the mandate of Section 504.
1990 Americans with
Disabilities Act (ADA) -
The Office for Civil
Rights (OCR) enforcement of the ADA has focused on three areas:
timeliness of delivery, accuracy of translation, and provision in a
manner and medium appropriate to the significance of the message and
the abilities of the individual with the disability. Live captioning
of courses meets the ADA‟s mandate for “timeliness of delivery.”
1995 Title 5
California Code of Regulations –
secondary institutions that receive funding from the State of
California to provide accessibility for distance education courses.
Government Code 11135 – Discrimination. California Senate Bill 105
which strengthens compliance regardless of federal funding to “…meet
the protections and prohibitions contained in Section 202 of the
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990” has been incorporated into
California Government Code 11135.
Section 508 of the
Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (amended 1998) provides distinct
standards for web accessibility compliance.
For details, click on